About the Census Department

About Us

The Indian Census is the largest single source of a variety of statistical information on different demographic characteristics of the people of India. With a history of more than 130 years, this reliable, time tested exercise has been bringing out a veritable wealth of population statistics every 10 years, beginning from 1872 when the first census was conducted in India non-synchronously in different parts.

To scholars and researchers in demography, economics, anthropology, sociology, statistics and many other disciplines, the Indian Census has been a fascinating source of data. The rich diversity of the people of India is truly brought out by the decennial census which has become one of the tools to understand and study India The responsibility of conducting the decennial Census rests with the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India under Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. It may be of historical interest that though the population census of India is a major administrative function; the Census Organisation was set up on an ad-hoc basis for each Census till the 1951 Census. The Census Act was enacted in 1948 to provide for the scheme of conducting population census with duties and responsibilities of census officers. The Government of India decided in May 1949 to initiate steps for developing systematic collection of statistics on the size of population, its growth, etc., and established an organization namely the Registrar General and ex-Officio Census Commissioner, India under the Ministry of Home Affairs. This organization was made responsible for collection, tabulation and dissemination of micro level data on population statistics including Vital Statistics and Census. Later, this department was also entrusted with the responsibility of implementation of Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 in the country. It is also responsible for the creation of the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) under the provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Citizenship Registration and Issue of national Identity Cards ) Rules, 2003.

ORGI, headquartered at Delhi, has 33 subordinate offices known as Directorate of Census Operations in the State/UT’s capitals. It is presently headed by Dr. Vivek Joshi, I.A.S. The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.

The Census Operations is a manifestation of the obligation upon the Government of India under Article 246 of the Constitution, listed in the Union List (List 1-Item 69) in the Seventh Schedule. The Director of Census Operations is appointed for each state for conducting the Census operations in their respective state under the guidelines and supervision of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. The Directorate of Census Operations, Uttar Pradesh is located at Janganana Bhawan, Sector-D, Aliganj, Lucknow-226024

The 2011 Census was the 15th decennial Census of India since 1872 when the first systematic Census was conducted throughout the country as per uniform pattern and the 7th successive exercise after Independence. Due to the sheer size, magnitude and diversity of billion plus population, the Indian Census is termed as the largest administrative exercise in the world. Census count is intended to cater to the growing needs of the Planners, Demographers, Scholars and Administrators. Unlike Surveys, which depend on a given sample size, the Census provides the only reliable and authentic data, available for the entire population at a single point of reference.

Census of India 2011, the mammoth administrative exercise, has commenced in the country from 01.04.2010. It is to be conducted in two phases. The Ist phase of Census-2011 i.e. The Houselisting & Housing Census operations along with formation of National Population Register(NPR) was conducted from 15th May 2010 to 30th June 2010, in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The 2nd phase i.e. the Population Enumeration was undertaken from 9th February 2011 to 28th February 2011 with the reference date as 00 hours of 1st March 2011.

The Census data provides a mirror to the socio demographic shifts and economic growth pattern from the Country, State, District, Tahsil, CD Block and Gram Panchayat upto the Village/Town level. Through this website, the Directorate of Census Operations, Uttar Pradesh proposes to provide a glimpse of the vast wealth of Indian Census pertaining to Uttar Pradesh and the way to access it.


The earliest references of Census taking in India can be traced back to the Mauryan period in Kautilya’s ‘Arthshastra’ (321-296 BC) and later during the Mughal period in ‘Aian-e-Akbari’. A systematic and modern population Census, in its present scientific form was conducted non-synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of country. This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labelled as the first population Census. However, the first synchronous Census in India was held in 1881. Since then, Censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten year. The Census of India, 2011, is the fifteen Census in this continuous series as reckoned from 1872 and the seventh since independence. The Census of India, 2011, is a historic and epoch making Census being the second Census of the twenty first century and of the third millennium. It will throw up benchmark data on the state of abundant human resources habitating our country, their demography, culture and economic structure at a juncture which marks the transition from one century and millennium to the next. Thus, the Census of India, 2011, can be aptly termed as the Millennium Census. Such a historical legacy is unparalleled in the world.

Why Census is Important.?

The Indian Census is the most credible source of information on Demography (Population characterstics), Economic Activity, Literacy and Education, Housing & Household Amenities, Urbanisation, Fertility and Mortality, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Language, Religion, Migration, Disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data since 1872. This is the only source of population statistics at village, town and ward level, It provides valuable information for planning and formulation policies for Central and the State Governments and is widely used by National and International Agencies, Scholars, business people, industrialists, and many more. The Delimitation/reservation of Constituencies- Parliamentary/Assembly/Panchayats and other Local Bodies is also done on the basis of the demographic data thrown up by the Census. Census is the basis for reviewing the country's progress in the past decade, monitoring the on going Schemes of the Government and most importantly, plan for the future. That is why the Slogan is " People's participation for Peoples's welfare ".

  • The Census organization ORGI, headquartered at Delhi, has 33 subordinate offices known as Directorate of Census Operations in the State/UT’s capitals. It is presently headed by Dr. Vivek Joshi,I.A.S.
    The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India
    know more